What is Java?
Java is a free, open-source, object-oriented programming language, plus a high-powered development platform used to build tiered applications and fast-running server applications. Because Java is a portable, “write once, run anywhere” language, Java developers are able to write code that is compatible everywhere. With components including libraries, frameworks (like Hibernate), Java APIs, the Java Runtime Environment, Java Plugins, and Java’s Virtual Machine (JVM), it’s fast and scalable, making it great for enterprise-level applications.
Why hire a Java developer?
A highly skilled Java developer on Upwork can help build and maintain a high-traffic server-side application, or develop your Android mobile application with the Gradle build tool, an application programming software, which is based on the Java programming language. Core Java refers to a subset of developer skills within the platform—basic tools and knowledge that ensure the professional you’re engaging knows their way around the complex Java platform. Java developers handle server-side security and database architecture, using Java project management tools like Apache’s Maven. Java developers also handle software debugging, quality control, testing, and much more.
Java vs. .NET
沙巴体育足球开户Java and .NET often go head-to-head in the programming world. As a matter of fact, Microsoft released .NET (C#, specifically) to compete against Java, which has a firm hold on many platform development projects. When it’s time to find a developer, you will find that there’s a polarized interest between the Java developers and .NET developers. These two platforms both perform similar functions, so it’s up to you to decide which you want to use. Here are some similarities and differences to help you decide.
Which language should you choose?
It’s difficult to determine which language is best for your project when both of these languages are suitable for most projects. Java can be used for web projects, but the .NET framework has taken over for web services and APIs, especially for Windows API services. Java is mainly used for Linux platforms, even though it also runs in a Windows environment.
For desktop applications (either for workstations or for servers), either language is sufficient. Again, most Windows developers prefer .NET, because .NET is a native framework included with Windows. The framework’s libraries make it easy to work directly with the operating system, so it’s preferred over Java. If you decide to make your application available for several operating systems, Java might be the better option.
C# vs. Java
C# vs. Java—which general purpose, object-oriented programming language is best for you? Both have extensive libraries that can be used to build applications for the desktop, web, mobile devices, and other platforms. Both have large communities of enthusiastic fans, and plenty of online support.
What is C#?
C# is a general-purpose programming language that first appeared in 2000, as part of Microsoft’s .NET initiative. It was designed for the Common Language Infrastructure (CLI)—an open specification developed by Microsoft and standardized by ISO and ECMA. C# applications are compiled into bytecode that can run on implementations of the CLI.
When should you use C# or Java?
With so much in common, the language you ultimately choose to use will depend largely upon the platform you have chosen for your project. Today, C# is used primarily on the .NET Framework, Mono, and Portable.NET implementations of the CLI. If your software or web application is being built for Windows, C# will work best with the .NET suite of technologies.
沙巴体育足球开户That said, if you wish to develop for Unix, Linux, or other platforms outside of the Microsoft platform, Java’s large open-source ecosystem is the better choice. The community is constantly creating new libraries and tools. Java is also the main language used by Google to develop for Android, which is currently the largest mobile operating system in the world.
PHP vs. Java
What is PHP?
PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is a general purpose scripting language that quickly became the de facto server-side language of choice for web developers after its initial release in 1995. It’s got an advantage in that it was designed and created for the web, versus languages that were adapted to the web (like Ruby or Python). Today, a majority of websites run on PHP, and PHP programmers are still in high demand thanks to its role as the foundation for content management systems (CMS) like WordPress, Drupal, and Joomla and a number of modern frameworks like Laravel, Symfony, and CakePHP that have accelerated development with this mature language.
Should I use PHP or Java for my project?
沙巴体育足球开户Both Java and PHP are excellent foundations for a wide variety of software. Which language you choose to use will be determined by what you want to be developed.
You should consider Java if your project involves…
- Android Apps
- Enterprise Software
- Scientific Computing
- Big Data Analytics
- General Purpose Programming of Hardware
- Server-Side Technologies like Apache, JBoss, Geronimo, GlassFish, etc.
You should consider PHP if your project involves…
- Software stacks like the LAMP stack (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP)
- CMS’s like WordPress, Drupal, or Joomla, etc.
- Servers like MySQL, SQL, MariaDB, Oracle, Sybase, and Postgresql, etc.